Bonding is any procedure whereby two or more substrates are fastened together using a substance known as adhesive. Substrate is a technical term used to describe the surface of objects while adhesive is a binder that is non-metallic and works using adhesion and cohesion. A lot of the consumer technology that define our modern world are made using adhesives.
Using adhesives to replace conventional fasteners like screws, nuts and bolts, and rivets has accelerated manufacturing processes and expanded the creative limits of products. Devices like tablets, smartphones, and laptops can be made thinner due to adhesives. The production time for automobiles have been shortened by getting rid of the preliminary procedures required by conventional fasteners.
Adhesives are now an indispensable component of the industrial globe. This was not always the case. Early adhesives did not have the toughness and other important properties needed for industrial applications. It was not up until the invention of modern products like the polyurethane adhesives that manufacturers embraced the bonding procedure.
Adhesives have been part of the evolution of human civilization. Historians and archaeologist believe that adhesives have been around for thousands of years. Our forefathers used anything plant saps and animal products for gluing things with each other. Some individuals from other parts of the world still use these natural adhesives for bonding applications